Army Air Forces in Europe

world war II

435th Troop Carrier Group

9th Air Force 435th Troop Carrier

Squadrons of the 435th TCG

75th Troop Carrier Squadron.
76th Troop Carrier Squadron.
77th Troop Carrier Squadron.
78th Troop Carrier Squadron.

Assigned 9th AAF: Feb-Mar 1944.

Combat Aircraft:


Bowman Field, Ky, 25 Feb 1943
Sedalia AAFld, MO, 4 May 1943
Pope Field, NC, 2 Jul 1943
Baer Field, Ind, 6-13 Oct 1943
Langer, England, 3 Nov 1943
Welford Park, England, 25 Jan 1944
Bretigny, France, c. 13 Feb-25 Jun 1945
Baer Field, Ind, 5 Aug 1945
Kellogg Field, Mich, 13 Sep-15 Nov 1945

Group COs

Col Frank J MacNees, 25 Feb 1943-15 Nov 1945


Northern France
Southern France
Central Europe


Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6-7] Jun 1944.

Early History:

Constituted as the 435th Troop Carrier Group on 30 Jan 1943. Activated on 25 Feb 1943. Used C-47's and C-53's in preparing for duty overseas with Ninth AF. Moved to England, Oct-Nov 1943 and began training for participation in the airborne operation over Normandy. Entered combat on D-Day 1944 by dropping paratroops of foist Airborne Division near Cherbourg; towed Waco and Horsa gliders carrying reinforcements to that area on the afternoon of D-Day and on the following morning; received a DUC for its part in the Normandy invasion. Began transport services following the landings in France and intermittently engaged in missions of this type until V-E Day; hauled supplies such as serum, blood plasma, radar sets, clothing, rations, and ammunition, and evacuated wounded personnel to Allied hospitals. Interrupted supply and evacuation missions to train for and participate in three major airborne assaults. A detachment that was sent to Italy in Jul 1944 for the invasion of Southern France dropped paratroops over the assault area on 15 Aug and released gliders carrying troops and equipment such as jeeps, guns, and ammunition; flew a resupply mission over France on 16 Aug; and then transported supplies to bases in Italy before returning to England at the end of the month. In Sep 1944 the group participated in the air attack on Holland, dropping paratroops of 82d and foist Airborne Divisions and releasing gliders carrying reinforcements. Moved to France in Feb 1945 for the airborne assault across the Rhine; each air craft towed two gliders in transporting troops and equipment to the east bank of the Rhine on 24 Mar; then the group flew resupply missions to Germany in support of ground forces. Transported supplies to occupation forces in Germany and evacuated Allied prisoners of war after V-E Day. Returned to the US in Aug. Inactivated on 15 Nov 1945

Subsequent History:

Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 15 Jul 1947. Redesignated 435th Troop Carrier Group (Medium) in Jun 1949. Ordered to active service on 1 Mar 1951. Assigned to Tactical Air Command. Trained with C-119's. Relieved from active duty and inactivated, on I Dec 1952. Allotted to the reserve. Activated on 1 Dec 1952.

SQUADRONS. 75th: 1943-1945 76th: 1943-1945 1947-11952; 1952- 77th: 19431945 1947-1952 1952- 78th: 1943-1945 1947-19521952-19541955-- 326th:1947-1949. 349th: 1949-1951

STATIONS. Morrison Field, Fla, 15 Jul 1947; Miami Intl Aprt, Fla, 26 Jun 1949-1 Dec 1952. Miami Intl Aprt, Fla, I Dec 1952-.

COMMANDERS. Lt Col Stanley N Simpson, I Mar 1951; Lt Col John R Pountnay, 1951; Maj Thomas L Morris, 2o Feb 1952; Col Leonard J Barrow Jr, 20 Mar-I Dec 1952.

INSIGNE: Shield: Per fess wavy, or and azure, charged with two martlets, countervolant and counter-changed, between two flanches chequy sable and gules.

Motto: CITUS ET CERTUS-Swift and Sure. (Approved 22 May 1952.)

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