Army Air Forces in Europe

world war II

315th Troop Carrier Group

9th Air Force 315th TCG

Squadrons of the 315th TCG

33rd Troop Carrier Squadron.
34th Troop Carrier Squadron.
35th Troop Carrier Squadron.
43rd Troop Carrier Squadron.
59th Troop Carrier Squadron.
309th Troop Carrier Squadron.
310th Troop Carrier Squadron.

Assigned 9th AAF: Oct 1943.

Motto: ADVENIAM-I Will Arrive. (Approved 22 May 1942.)

Combat Aircraft:


Olmsted Field, Pa, 14 Feb 1942
Bowman Field, Ky, 17 Jun 1942
Florence, SC, 3 August-11 Oct 1942
Aldermaston, England, c. I Dec 1942
Welford, England, 6 Nov 1943
Stanhoe, England, 7 Feb 1944
Amiens, France, 6 Apr-May 1945
Waller Field, Trinidad, May-31 Jul 1945


Group COs

Capt Thomas J Schofield, 14 Feb 1942
Col Hamish McLelland, 17 Apr 1942
Col Howard B Lyon, 27 Sep 1944
Lt Col Robert J Gibbons, 27 Mar 1945-unkn.


American Theater
Northern France
Central Europe


Distinguished Unit Citation: France, 6 Jun 1944..

Early History:

Constituted as 315th Transport Group on 2 Feb 1942 and activated on 14 Feb. Redesignated 315th Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942. Trained for combat operations with C-47's and C-53's. Departed the US, Oct-Nov 1942, for assignment to Eighth AF in England. Encountering bad weather while flying the North Atlantic route, the air echelon was detained for about a month in Greenland, where it searched for missing aircraft along the east coast and dropped supplies to crews. After the air and ground echelons were united in England in Dec, the group began ferrying cargo in the British Isles and training with airborne troops and gliders. A detachment was sent to Al geria in May 1943, and although not participating in the airborne phase of the invasions of Sicily and Italy, it did support those operations by transporting supplies in the theater. In Mar 1944 the detachment returned to England and rejoined the group, which had been assigned to Ninth AF in Oct 1943- Prepared for the invasion of the Continent, and dropped paratroops near Cherbourg early on D-Day in Jun 1944, receiving a DUC for its action in the Normandy invasion. Dropped paratroops of 82nd Airborne Division on 17 Sep 1944 when the Allies launched the air attack on Holland; flew reinforcement missions on succeeding days, landing at Grave on 26 Sep to unload paratroops and supplies. Released British paratroops near Wesel during the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945. Following each airborne operation, the group resumed transport activities, hauling cargo such as medical supplies, signal equipment, rations, and gasoline, and evacuating wounded personnel. Moved to France in Apr 1945. Transported cargo and evacuated prisoners of war until after V-E Day. Moved to Trinidad in May 1945 and assigned to Air Transport Command. Used C-47's to transport troops returning to the US. Inactivated in Trinidad on 31 Jul 1945.

Subsequent History:

Activated in the US on 19 May 1947. Apparently was not manned. Inactivated on 10 Sep 1948. Redesignated 315th Troop Carrier Group (Medium). Activated in Japan on 10 Jun 1952. Assigned to Far East Air Forces for operations in the Korean War. Used C-46 aircraft to participate in the airlift between Japan and Korea. Transported cargo such as vegetables, clothing, ordnance supplies, and mail; evacuated patients and other personnel. Remained in the theater after the armistice and continued to fly transport missions until 1955 Inactivated in Japan on 18 Jan 1955

SQUADRONS. 19th: 1952-1955. 33rd: 1942. 34th: 1942-1945; 1947-1948; 1952-1955 35th: 1942. 43rd: 1942-1945; 1947-1948 1952-1955. 59th: 1942. 309th:1944-1945. 310th:1944-1945. 394th:1952-1955.

STATIONS. Langley Field, Va. 19 May 1947-10 Sep 1948. Brady AB, Japan, 10 Jun 1952-18 Jan 1955.

COMMANDERS. Unkn, May 1947-Sep 1948. Lt Col Jack L Crawford, 10 Jun 1952; Lt Col Gene I Martin, 5 Dec 1952; Col Kenneth L Glassburn, 11 Aug 1953; Lt Col Jacob P Sartz Jr, 9 Nov 1954-18 Jan 1955.

CAMPAIGNS. Korean War: Korea Summer-Fall, 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea Summer-Fall, 1953

DECORATIONS. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: [10 Jun 1952]-27 Jul 1953

INSIGNE. Shield: Azure, a winged packing box bend sinisterwise or.

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