Army Air Forces in Europe

world war II

445th Bomber Group

8th Air Force 445th BG

Squadrons of the 445th BG

700th Bombardment Squadron - Heavy
701st Bombardment Squadron - Heavy
702nd Bombardment Squadron -Heavy
703rd Bombardment Squadron - Heavy

Assigned 8th AAF: November 1943

Wing/Command Assignment

VIII BC, 2 BD, 2 CBW: 4 Nov 1943
2 BD, 2 CBW 8 Jan 1944
2 AD, 2 CBW 1 Jan 1945

Combat Aircraft:



TIBENHAM 4 Nov 1943 to 28 May 1945

Group COs

Col. Robert H. Terrill 1 April 1943 to 24 July 1944
Col. William W. Jones 25 July 1944 to 12 September 1945

First Mission: 13 Dec 1943
Last Mission: 25 Apr 1945
Missions: 282
Total Sorties: 7,145
Total Bomb Tonnage: 16,732 Tons
Aircraft MIA: 108

Major Awards:

Distinguished Unit Citation on 24 Feb 1944 Gotha

Claims to Fame

Highest Group loss on a single mission on 27 September 1944
Above 2 BD average in bombing accuracy record for last six months of the war.

Early History:

Activated 1 April 1943 at Gowen Field in Idaho, where initial training undertaken. Established at Wendover AAB, Utah, from 8 June 1943. Moved to Sioux City AB, Iowa on 5-7 July 1943 to complete training. On the 20th of October 1943 the ground echelon moved to Camp Shanks, NY and embarked on the Queen Mary on the 26th of October 1943, sailing next day. The unit arrived in Clyde on the 2nd of November 1943. The Aircraft departed Sioux City late in October 1943 and flew to the UNited Kingdom via the southern route, Florida, Puerto Rico, Brazil, and West Africa.

Subsequent History:

Redeployed to the US May/June 1945. The air echelon departed the Tibenham on 17 May 1945, and departed the United Kingdom on the 20th of May 1945. 703rd BS Ground echelon sailed on USAT Argentine from Southhampton and the other squadrons on the USAT Cristol at Bristol. Both ships arrived New York on the 8th of June 1945. Personnel had 30 days R&R. Group established Fort Dix, NJ and inactivated on the 12th of September 1945.
Alotted to USAF reserve forces, activated in 1952 as a fighter-bomber group. Later, as troop carrier wing with C-123s. Converted to C-124s and served under the Military Airlift Command.

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